Question: What Is The Purpose Of VLAN Trunking?

What are the 3 types of VLANs?

There are five main types of VLANs depending on their purpose:Management VLAN.Data VLAN.Voice VLAN.Default VLAN.Native VLAN..

Which are the two trunking protocols?

There are two trunking protocols used on modern communication networks: Inter-Switch Link (ISL) from Cisco and the aforementioned nonproprietary IEEE 802.1Q. Of the two, IEEE 802.1Q is the industry standard. Even Cisco switches now use IEEE 802.1Q (dot1q) by default.

What is difference between trunk and access port?

A trunk port has more than one VLAN set up on the interface whereas access port is capable of having only one VLAN set up on the interface. … A TRUNK will add dot1q or ISL (inter-switch link) tag directly to frames whereas access port only passes traffic from a set VLAN but it doesn’t modify the frame with a VLAN Tag.

What is the purpose of trunking?

The main purpose of trunking is to carry traffic between switches and maintain the VLAN information. Unlike an access link, the trunk link does not belong to a single VLAN but instead can carry traffic from several VLANs over a point-to-point link between two devices that understand the protocol.

How many VLANs can you have?

Under IEEE 802.1Q, the maximum number of VLANs on a given Ethernet network is 4,094 (4,096 values provided by the 12-bit VID field minus reserved values at each end of the range, 0 and 4,095).

Can two VLANs have the same IP address?

Using the Same IP Address in Two Different VLANs. … The OSA-Express Layer 2 implementation allows the hosts to manage IP addresses and ARP cache, so it is possible to have a single guest LAN segment (or VSWITCH segment) where two different hosts use the same IP Address on different VLAN groups.

What is VLAN example?

Each virtual switch, or VLAN, is simply a number assigned to each switch port. For example, the two switch ports in the red mini-switch might be assigned to VLAN #10 . The two ports in the orange mini-switch might be assigned to VLAN #20 .

How does a VLAN work?

Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs) separate an existing physical network into multiple logical networks. Thus, each VLAN creates its own broadcast domain. Communication between two VLANs can only occur through a router that is connected to both. VLANs work as though they are created using independent switches.

What is difference between VLAN access and trunk mode?

access port – a port that can be assigned to a single VLAN. The frames that arrive on an access port are assumed to be part of the access VLAN. … trunk port – a port that is connected to another switch. This port type can carry traffic of multiple VLANs, thus allowing you to extend VLANs across your entire network.

Where is trunking used?

Trunking systems are used in various applications. A busbar trunking system is used inside electrical apparatus, inside switchgear or at a power company switching yard. Busways or busducts are used to bring the main power feed into a building or to make connections to large switchgear.

Do I need a VLAN?

You don’t have a big enough network to NEED any VLANs. And as long as you don’t have any security requirements between types of devices, there isn’t any reason for a small network to have VLANs.

What is VLAN trunking list the benefits of VLAN trunking?

VTP provides the following benefits: VLAN configuration consistency across the layer 2 network. Dynamic distribution of added VLANs across the network. Plug-and-play configuration when adding new VLANs.

What is the advantage of VLAN?

VLANs provide a number of advantages, such as ease of administration, confinement of broadcast domains, reduced broadcast traffic, and enforcement of security policies. VLANs provide the following advantages: VLANs enable logical grouping of end-stations that are physically dispersed on a network.

How do you create a VLAN?

To create VLAN interfaces:Determine the IP addresses that you want to assign to the VLAN interfaces on the switch. … Open a web browser.In the browser address field, type the IP address of the smart switch. … Type the password in the Password field. … Click the Login button. … Select Routing>IP>IP Configuration.More items…

Why is VLAN trunking used?

VLAN trunking enables the movement of traffic to different parts of the network configured as a VLAN. A trunk is a point-to-point link between two network devices that carry more than one VLAN. With VLAN trunking, you can extend your configured VLAN across the entire network.